During the 60s and 70s, computers substantially changed many industries. But it wasn’t until we hooked them up, en-masse, into the global internet that they were able to change the world.
That’s why researchers around the globe are already working on the building blocks that will hook up the world’s quantum computers – which are still very rudimentary – into a similar global network.
“The effort to build a quantum computer is often described as the ‘space race of the 21st century’, but today’s computers didn’t realise their full potential until we had the internet,” Matthew Sellars, Program Manager in the Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology at the Australian National University.
Sellars leads a team that has developed a telecom-compatible quantum memory unit – a crucial component for such a network.
“We have shown that an erbium-doped crystal is the perfect material to form the building blocks of a quantum internet that will unlock the full potential of future quantum computers.”
The team, which has been working on the project for a decade, showed that they could dramatically improve the storage time of quantum memory using the crystal. “A telecom-compatible quantum memory is a vital component for a practical quantum internet,” said Rose Ahlefeldt, who also worked on the project.
“Memories allow us to buffer and synchronise quantum information, operations necessary for long range quantum communication.”
The chief advantage of their design, which was detailed in a in the journal Nature Physics, is that it operates in the same band as regular telecoms networks. That means that it’s compatible with existing fibre optic infrastructure. It’s also compatible with many different kinds of quantum computer.
“This result is so exciting to me because it allows us to take a lot of the in-principle work we’ve demonstrated and turn it into practical devices for a full-scale quantum internet,” said Sellars.
“We had this idea 10 years ago, but many of our peers told us that such a simple idea couldn’t work. Seeing this result, it feels great to know that our approach was the right one.”